Some parents have children together without getting married or having a domestic partnership. Thereafter, disputes may arise over custody, visitation or child support. If the parties want the Court’s assistance in resolving those disputes, a parental relationship must first be established before the Court, which requires the filing of a specific legal action. As part of that determination, a party who disputes the existence of the parental relationship may be entitled to a DNA test to prove or disprove the relationship. If the parental relationship is admitted, clients must be advised of their rights before the Court will accept the admission. I have handled several such cases, including advising and assisting clients in determination of whether a parental relationship exists, litigation of those issues, and negotiation as well as litigation of custody, visitation and child support.